* Stars as enlarged copies of Atoms *

Of ferman: Fernando Mancebo Rodriguez---
Personal page. ----Spanish pages

You can see many of my works, in the following pages:

PHYSICS:

COSMIC and ATOMIC MODEL |||
Video: Cosmic and atomic model

Double slit and camera obscura experiments: ferman experiment |||
Type of Waves: Questions of Quantum Mechanics

The socurces of gravity. |||
In favour of the cosmos theory of ferman FCM |||
Theory of Everything: summary

Model of Cosmos. |||
Development speed of forces.|||
Magnets: N-S magnetic polarity.

Stellar molecules |||
Static and Dynamic chaos|||
Inversion or Left-right proof |||
Scheme approach TOE

Chart of atomic measures|||
The main foundations of the Cosmos' Structure |||
Unstable particles in accelerators

Short summary atomic model |||
Positive electric charges reside in orbits.|||
Mathematical cosmic model based on Pi.

Inexactness principle in observations |||
Einstein and the gravity |||
The Universal Motion |||
Atomic particles

Cosmic Geometry |||
Bipolar electronic: semiconductors |||
Multiverse or multi-worlds|||
Light and photons

Quantum explanation of Gravity |||
Real physics versus virtual physics |||
The window experiment

Atomic Density |||
Linkin: Coeficients Lcf Mcf |||
Atomic nuclei structuring: Short summary

Few points about Cosmic Structuring.|||
What is Time|||
Simultaneity |||
The Cosmic tree |||
The Cosmic entropy

Interesting and short life of neutrons |||
Leptons field |||
Macro Microcosm, the same thing.

Fourth dimension of space.|||
The way to get a unity theory|||
UHECR Ultra-high-energy-cosmic-rays

Magnetic or entropy forces: types or classes|||
Time observation and time emission |||
The universe expansion

Planetary Mechanics : Short summary |||
Easy explanation of the Planetary model|||
State and type of Particles

Higgs boson and fields: wrong way |||
The positron proof: main types of magnetic fields |||
The gravity proof

Current state of cosmology |||
Electromagnetic charges: reason and procedure |||
Neutron: The short and interesting life of

Type of Magnetic Forces |||
The big-bang and Universe' expansion |||
Astronomical chart: Astros, asteroids and microids

Certainty Principle: easy explanation |||
Certainty Principle and the Schrodinger's Cat |||
Wave function collapse

Relativity versus QM |||
The non-curvature of space by matter |||
The Master Clock

Ferman's light analysis |||
Cosmos basic elements, summary|||
Comparative numbers in double slit experiment

Stars dimensions |||
Orbital situation of electrons |||
Bright cores versus Black holes

Summary of Ferman cosmic vision and models |||
Atomic nuclei similar to stars |||
Stationary time, but not local neither relativist

Neutrinos versus background radiation |||
Saturn says no to Einstein curvature.|||
Da: Average density of energy in the cosmos

Gravity versus magnetic fields of force |||
Black holes cannot exist|||
Expansion of materials by energy

Particles in accelerators: almost infinite |||
Trans-dimensional or ideal loupe|||
4D of space, time and matter

5D x 6D = Universal motion x time = Cosmic energy |||
The six cosmic dimensions

Neutrinos |||
Nature of light |||
Hydrogen atom |||
Uncertainty principle: test|||
Criticism to Quantum M

Invariance Principle of Time |||
Stuffing forces and heat particles|||
Physical waves and imaginary waves

Higgs fields and bosons: Imaginary elements|||
Higgs bosons predictions|||
Exotic particles

Stars as copies of atoms |||
ERF: Energy rebalancing forces|||
Big Bang reality |||
Big-boom instead Big-bang

Genzel and Ghez observations on galaxy center |||
Maxwell demonstration on charges and electrons situation

Orbital distribution positive charges (+) arises into Everything Theory

MATHEMATICS:

Radial coordinates.|||
Physical and mathematical sets theory. | Algebraic product of sets.

Planar angles: Trimetry.|||
Fractions: natural portions.|||
Cosmic spiral |||
Inverse values of parameters and operation

Equivalence and commutive property of division. |||
Concepts and Numbers. |||
Bend coefficient of curves |||
Mathematical dimensions

Transposition property |||
Accumulated product: Powers |||
Dimensional Geometry: Reversibility

Priority Rule in powers and roots |||
The decimal counter |||
The floating point index |||
Paradoxes in mathematics

Direct formula for Pi: The Squaring Pi. |||
The pyramids of Squaring Pi. |||
Functions of Pi |||
Integration formulas Pi.

Squaring the Circle |||
Cocktail formula for Squaring Pi.|||
Orbital coordinates in motion: Summary

Oscillating function: Cartesian oscillators |||
The ciclo as unit of angular speed |||
Squaring circles ruler and compass |||

Video: Squaring circles ruler and compass |||
The number Phi and the circumference.speed |||

The The extended Pi |||
Angles trisection|||
Squaring the Circle regarding Phi|||
Video of the two squares method

Discusion about the Pi as transcendental number|||:
Not transcendental Pi|||
The chained sets|||

Properties of equalities in limits|||
The Phi right triangles |||
Pi and the Circumscription Theorem

Pi triangle by squaring the circle :
Vedeo Pi triangle |||
Squaring Pi demonstration by circumscription Theorem LatexPdf

Doubling the cube |||
Framing the circle |||
Phi and Pi: relation formula

Squaring circle with Phi (to 0.000005 of ideal ruler and compass)|||
Sbits: Static and dinamic orbital coordinates

Squaring Pi and the Floating Point

OTHER:

Spherical molecules. |||
Genetic Heredity. |||
Metaphysics: Spanish only. |||
Brain and Consciousness. |||
Type of Genes T and D

Certainty Principle |||
From the Schrodinger cat to the Ferman's birds |||
The meaning of Dreams

Freely economy |||
Theoricles of Alexandria |||
Rainbow table of elements.|||
Satire on the Quantum Mechanics

Cancer and precocious aging |||
Hardware and software of Genetics |||
The farmer and the quantum physicist

Dreams and unconscious logical computing |||
Intelligence and logic |||
How our brain and mind work

INVENTIONS:

Andalusian Roof Tile. |||
Rotary Engine. |||
Water motors: Vaporization engines.

Triangular ferman's Houses .|||
Pan for frying and poaching eggs |||
The fringed forest

Summary of Hydraulic Chenge Box |||
Ferman fingernails

ARTICLES:

The Emperor's new clothes and the QM |||
Garbage Triangle: Quantum mechanics, Relativity, Standard theory

Fables and tales of the relativists clocks.|||
Nuclei of galaxies.|||
Particles accelerators.

Hydrocarbons, water and vital principles on the Earth. |||
Cosmos formula : Metaphysics

Ubiquity Principle of set.|||
Positive electric charges reside in orbits.

Chaos Fecundity. Symbiosis: from the Chaos to the Evolution.|||
Speed-Chords in galaxies.

The ancient planets Asteron and Poseidon.|||
The man and the testosterone.|||
Toros say |||
The essence of life

Chaos + symbiosis = evolution |||
Future Cosmology: Satire on Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

The stupid tale of the astronaut that did not age |||
Summary of Ferman cosmic vision and models

Climate due to human activity |||
Humans as herd animals

METAPHYSICS:

Video Universal Consciousness|||
Who is God |||
Faces of God |||
Web Universal consciousness

Creation: Highlights|||
First steps in metaphysics |||
A personal experience

Reason for the Cosmos' creation |||
The essence of life |||
Cosmic Entity: Metaphysics and Physics parameters

Email: ferman30@yahoo.es

* Stars as enlarged copies of Atoms *

* Cosmic and Atomic models (TOE 1992) *

** The two Basic elements of the Cosmos: Space + Universal Motion (with its time parameter).**

--- These two basic elements when uniting form the

--- The lines of energy and force around any point (M) in the space, when directed in concentric direction over this point (M) add up and integrate with each other, (giving and composing us the Gravity or cosmic energy of concentric action) and thereby creating points of Matter that are attracted by its action gravitational, and together, they form all the particles and things of the Universe.

--- The matter of the universe, for its proper balance and density of energy, is constituted in orbital systems (with bigger volume = central nuclei with periphery orbitals ones rotating around them), in the various cosmic levels: Sub-atoms, atoms, stars, etc.)

--- * The lines of force of gravity (concentric lines of cosmic energy) in their concentric action cohere and accumulate masses and build particles.

And as they pass and exit the other side of the nucleus, these same cosmic energy lines act and become forces of expansion and redistribution of particles around the nucleus, creating the magnetic fields and their positive orbits.

---** This way, this pair of forces in the opposite direction build and maintain the balance of the orbital systems (atoms, stars, galaxies; planets-moons, electron-neutrino; pair of asteroid in mutual rotation, etc.) preventing the orbitals from falling and collapsing on the nucleus, since while one (gravity) binds the nuclear masses together, the other (magnetic expansion) builds and keeps the orbitals in rotation.

--- Therefore in all cosmic levels the same elements, forces, physical laws, etc., occur; being this way a star, like a huge enlarged atom.

None of the specific particles in the Standard Model exist; There are only nuclei or particles of amorphous or compact matter, which if accumulated in large nuclei (in density) produce magnetic fields and positive orbits, which attract smaller material particles and structure or form orbital systems: (nucleus with satellites orbiting around it).

** Foundations of electromagnetic charges: **

-- Any lone large particle produce magnetic fields and positive orbits around them, with which they tend to form orbital systems (nucleus with N orbitals).

-- Every particle will be neutral if it has the necessary and correct orbital ones (ra = rN);

-- It will be positive if they do not have enough orbital ones (Ra > rN);

-- And it will be negative if it has too many orbitals ( Ra < rN).

Ra = atomic radius; and rN = radius of the last orbital.

-- * With this, we can already begin to intuit that the matter-antimatter dilemma is fictitious: there are only particles of any dimension with different charges.

Particles smaller than atoms follow the same rules, as to their electromagnetic charges. (ie. electron/positron; muon/antimuon, etc., are not matter/antimatter, but the same particles with different charges, depending on the number of contained orbital: In these cases neutrinos)

Friends, I have tried to summarize as simply as possible a great problem or confusion in the knowledge of the Cosmos in which we are immersed (in my opinion) mainly due to the application of theories quite far removed from this cosmic reality.

And I do it with a simple comparative drawing of the macro and microcosms, which would be enlarged copies ones of another: stars (macrocosms) as enlarged copies of atoms (microcosms).

Thus, the stars have the same elements, parameters, structural physical laws, etc. than atoms.

Of course, a question would immediately arise: And why are we so far from that cosmic resemblance?

Well, simply because we are giving us, some theories (distant and unconnected between them) that prevent us from even thinking or suggesting such a similarity between the microcosm and the macrocosm.

* It is similar to if we are getting deeper and deeper into the desert (to the east), when in fact the oasis is to the west.

In my opinion we are suggested and a little hypnotized with these somewhat (and sometimes a lot) imaginary theories.

And what are these physical theories so far from reality?

They are Relativity, Quantum Mechanics, and partly, the Standard Model.

Of course it is my thought and point of view, but I think I have a duty to expose it, because the problem is serious.

Reply to my friend John Padinjarekutt:

All these microparticles (electrons, neutrons, protons, neutrinos, etc.) are sub-atomic particles made up of matter, but which in turn are divisible, almost infinitely, since they occupy a place in space, and space is infinitely divisible.

Quantum Mechanics will deal with these particles, but applying its own (and largely erroneous) formulas.

The first thing it does is to substitute the actual physical particles by waves, by substituting the mass of the particles for wave frequencies, and giving a unit of mass-energy by a constant, Planck's constant h.

e= (m.v^2)/2 = h.f

So we can say that for example a train, we can measure it as a very high frequency wave whose energy would be e = h.f, where f would be an enormous frequency.

And we can do the same with all the particles, replace them with waves through this procedure.

That's not really true, but we don't care, we can ramble in that way, that is, we are rambling in waves instead of compact particles.

But, rambling, rambling, we reach extremes as unfortunate as the distribution of orbitals by means of a Cartesian Coordinate system, a procedure that does not occur in the real Cosmos, but in our undulating mind.

Let's say that our mind is Cartesian, on the contrary, the Cosmos works in the form of rotational orbital systems.

Therefore Quantum Mechanics can sometimes approach reality, but being a mental mathematical abstraction, in most cases it is wrong and even becomes a bit ridiculous as in the case of the distribution of orbitals.

in any range and extension we can find particles in the accelerators.

Then, the Higgs boson is just another simple and common particle.

Friends, as we are celebrating the anniversary of the discovery of the Higgs Boson, let me write down some predictions about it, and according to my model.

1.- There are no completely equal quantum particles, but rather extensive ranges of particles with similar properties, but with some variation in size between them.

*I put a simple and rough example:

Let us think that the atoms, at our level, represent the fruits.

Well, there are many types of fruits (atoms), pears, apples, bananas, etc., but within each type (e.g. apple) we will not find two completely identical apples, despite being of the same type.

In the drawing, there are the groups of particles that my model makes.

2.- The Higgs Bosons, like other particles, are simply ranges of unstable particles of similar (but not equal) sizes.

This means that more and more particles of sizes similar to the current Higgs Bosons will be discovered.

3.- The Higgs Bosons, it will be shown that they do not have the capacity to give mass to other particles, and that they are simple pieces of matter of different sizes.

4.- It will also be discovered that the (unstable) Higgs Bosons are normally positive in their charge, and that they will quickly transform into (stable) atoms of size (in matter and mass) similar to the mass of the Boson.

5.- Logically, all unstable particles (especially the larger ones) tend to become stable forming orbital systems, with the energy density required by the cosmos Da.

in any range and extension we can find compact particles, but never composed particles as could be: quarks, gluon, bosons, etc.

Thus, particles only differentiate among them by its mass and potencial of fields (gravitational and magnetics = that produce charges)

Later on, great compact particles are attracted mutually forming orbital systems, with balance of density of energy (Da).

Really! So why is it said that there are so many particles, and more and more are being discovered every day?

Easy, because it began by applying erroneous ideas such as that the nucleus contains lot of positive charges, and to explain that they remain together we needed more and more new particles: Gluons, neutrons, multiple protons, quarks, antiquarks, etc. etc.

But no: nuclei are just amorphous matter, more or less compacted by gravity.

-- The charges are on the periphery, in the magnetic orbits.

(** Friends, I am sorry to be tiresome and boring, but since observations and proofs that my cosmic and atomic model are correct continue to be produced, therefore I am forced to expose these coincidences).

Good, in my cosmic model this phenomenon is exposed, which is neither more nor less than a radioactive phenomenon at the level of stars.

That is, both atoms and stars have the same elements, the same structure and the same cosmic laws and rules.

In this case, like a large radioactive atom, this star has emitted a particle (an enormous amount of nuclear mass) because it is a star with too much energy density and is forced to emit high nuclear or solar radiation: Everything similar to the atomic behaviour of large radioactive atoms.

Friends, some of you already know my thoughts and model on cosmic creation, which is based on:

""" The Cosmos is based on a totally intelligent, logical and sensitive structuring (Which today is, simplified, cold and poorly defined by cosmologists as: "Information")"""

Well, here I put very simplified the beginning of the cosmic structure with the drawing and short text that follows:

-------------------

By uniting Space and Universal Movement (both, physical and metaphysical concepts), this is redistributed and manifests as rectilinear motion towards all cosmic directions.

In principle, it would seem that by occupying and moving each line through a different place in space, they could not unite or form a sum of forces and energies in the Cosmos.

But it was not like that, since being three-dimensional space, any point of space M would receive lines of force that are directed towards it from all directions, and these all lines that are directed towards point M as they occupy less and less space , are added and integrated into a set of lines of concentric forces on the point M.

Well, all these lines integrated in a set and on a point M, is what forms the points M of energy and matter of the Cosmos.

Afterwards and due to the mutual attraction that they entail (gravitation) they accumulate in all kinds of particles.

Structural Magnetic Forces: Every line of gravity (concentric, of integration and cohesion in matter), once it crosses this matter nuclei, becomes expansive or redistributive of matter, that is, in the magnetic forces, which when rotating the nuclei, create fields and magnetic orbits where they capture and hold the orbitals.

Friends, I would like to expose my cosmic and atomic model in a simple way, beginning with the basic elements in the structuring of the Cosmos.

My conclusions are that the Cosmos or Universe has eminently metaphysical principles, that is to say, that from a purely metaphysical intelligence and sensitivity (which in cosmic science is now called, in a poor and concise way as "information"), it is created a structure of primary physical elements, which successively united and structured among them, gives us all the cosmic creation that we know.

Well, since our study will be eminently cosmic physics, we expose the two basic elements that begin to structure the Universe.

These two basic elements with the Space and the Universal Motion.

1.- The Space.

The concept of space is easy to assimilate, since it is before our eyes and we visualize and understand it as the place or setting where all the physical and cosmic events that we continuously discover take place.

2.- The Universal Motion

The Universal Motion (UM), however, is a primary physical element, which being continually in our sight, we have not been able or aware of giving it the real physical value it has.

We usually replace it with time, to which if we give a physical value of the first magnitude.

But no, time is just a measurement parameter of Universal Motion (UM), similar to what length would be as a unit of measurement for space.

We see the potential and quality of the UM in each and every one of the cosmic elements: Nothing is still, everything moves continuously, because everything is made up of Universal Motion (UM).

3.- Union: Space + Universal Motion

Now, for the construction and structuring of the Cosmos it is necessary that the Space and the UM be united, because separated from each other nothing is built, nor does anything exist.

So that supposed Metaphysical Foundation of the Cosmos unites Space and UM, forming an element composed of both and with the properties of both.

But what would be that result of said union?

Well, in good logic they would be a continuous movement throughout the cosmic space of that universal movement, which will translate into lines of movement in all directions and directions through and throughout the cosmic space.

And of course, to those lines of movement occupying and acting throughout the cosmos, they would translate or act as an energy or force of thrust and movement in all places and towards all directions of space.

And we will call this energy and force of movement as Cosmic Energy, present and active throughout the entire cosmic space.

4.- Cosmic energy: Dark Energy or Ether.

Well, cosmic energy at first may seem to have a serious problem, because if it is redistributed throughout the cosmos, and in all directions, it could not be added or form sets of energy or force and only that well redistributed cosmic energy would be appreciated. and with an invariant mean energy density throughout the cosmos.

But we were lucky and it is not like that:

And it is not because of the three-dimensional properties of space.

If we look at any point P in space, infinite lines (or radii) will approach it concentrically from all its surroundings.

Well, if you are concentric lines that approach any point in space, since they are already lines of force or movement, as they approach that centre or point P they integrate and add up in a set of concentric forces and movement on that central P.

That is to say, in principle any point P in space can become a concentric point of cosmic energy, by the sum of all the lines of energy that approach it.

And as we will see, with these points, and their ability to unite with each other, conglomerates of cosmic energy points can be formed.

5.- Gravity.

As we have just seen, Gravity is simply that form of action of the Cosmic Energy, which, acting concentrically, can become compact and autonomous points of energy, and with the capacity to attract others, and accumulate and add successively between them.

Then Gravity is simply the action of the Cosmic Energy in its concentric form on any point in space.

6.- Matter and its mass.

We have also verified that cosmic energy, in its concentric action on any point in the form of gravitational forces, can in turn attract and accumulate other equal points of concentric cosmic energy and form ever greater accumulations of these points of cosmic energy.

And these accumulations of energy points is what we call matter: the greater the accumulation of energy points, the greater the amount of matter accumulated there.

These accumulations of points of energy or matter are what we can call material particles, which can be larger or smaller depending on how large this accumulation is.

But what would then be the mass of any material particles?

Well, as we guessed, it is simply the amount of matter (and therefore energy) that a particle has accumulated. Therefore, mass = amount of matter in a particle.

And how do we measure the mass of a particle?

Simply by the force of attraction between them

-- If we establish some units of mass (g = gram) within a given gravitational field (G = gravity of the earth) within this field of terrestrial gravity we can, by gravitational attraction, measure the masses of all other particles.

7.- Magnetic fields and forces

Let us think of a great accumulation of matter forming an important material nucleus.

A question that would immediately arise might be:

Well, and when the lines of cosmic or gravitational energy that go to that center (or material nucleus) go through it and come out the other side of said nucleus, what happens to them?

Well, they act in the opposite way, that is, instead of forces of accumulation, cohesion and compression, they become forces of expansion and redistribution of matter.

That is to say, when an important material nucleus is formed, initially some gravitational fields of cohesion and compression of the matter are formed on the nucleus, but at the same time, and at its exit through the opposite side of the nucleus, some force fields are created. magnets that try to redistribute matter.

* An important issue to point out here is that in large material nuclei both forces (gravitational and magnetic) are compensated in their potential, since they are the same forces but with different actions when entering the nucleus, and when leaving it.

8.- Electromagnetic charges.

We have seen the two types of forces and their fields: gravitational and magnetic.

One of the primary results of the existence of these two antagonistic fields of energy and force is the need to find a certain compensation and balance, for which the nucleus proceeds immediately to its rotation, thus avoiding a greater compression of the nuclear masses.

With this rotation of the nucleus and its fields (faster closer to the nucleus) they also produce a spiral deformation of the fields, both gravitational and magnetic; and in the orbital cuts (cut of the nuclear radius with the spirals in deformation of the fields) a stationary orbits of balance are produced, very appropriate for the situation of orbitals in rotation around the nucleus.

Well, these stationary orbits will be the positive (+) orbits that will attract, place and keep the orbitals rotating around the nucleus.

So we have already seen that all important material accumulation consists of a nucleus with a great gravitational potential, and also consists of a peripheral field with a great magnetic potential with perfectly defined orbits and positively charged (+)
So here comes another question.

How big the magnetic fields are, and how many positively charged orbits they contain.

Well, it depends on the magnitude and matter of the nucleus, and that we explain below.

9.- Average energy density in the Cosmos.

We see at the beginning that all the cosmic energy is redistributed in equal proportion (density) throughout the cosmic space.

We will call this average density of energy contained in the Cosmos as Da. (Average energy density in the Cosmos).

And this average energy density Da, is going to tell us what will be the appropriate dimensions of each orbital system (nucleus with its orbits occupied by orbitals).

And the adequate dimension or volume of the orbital system will be the one that gives us the average density Da that the Cosmos as a whole has and requires.

In other words, Da = mass of the system / volume of the system.

Now, what happens if the system has fewer occupied orbits than are necessary to achieve that Da?

Well, the system as a whole will have a positive charge.

And that if what it has are more occupied orbits than necessary, then the charge of the system as a whole will be negative.

10.- Thus, the final electromagnetic charges of an orbital system will be given by the following relationship:

Foundations of electromagnetic charges:

-- Any lone large particle produce magnetic fields and positive orbits around them, with which they tend to form orbital systems (nucleus with N orbitals).

-- Every particle will be neutral if it has the necessary and correct orbital ones (ra = rN);

-- It will be positive if they do not have enough orbital ones (Ra > rN);

-- And it will be negative if it has too many orbitals ( Ra < rN).

Ra = atomic radius; and rN = radius of the last orbital.

Thank you friends