State of particles: easy explanation
Concept of magnetic and electromagnetic charges
Of ferman: Fernando Mancebo Rodriguez--- Personal page. ----Spanish pages

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Video: Cosmic and atomic model
Double slit and camera obscura experiments: ferman experiment ||| Type of Waves: Questions of Quantum Mechanics
The socurces of gravity. ||| In favour of the cosmos theory of ferman FCM ||| Theory of Everything: summary
Model of Cosmos. ||| Atomic model ||| Development speed of forces.||| Magnets: N-S magnetic polarity.
Stellar molecules ||| Static and Dynamic chaos||| Inversion or Left-right proof ||| Scheme approach TOE
Chart of atomic measures||| The main foundations of the Cosmos' Structure ||| Unstable particles in accelerators
Short summary atomic model ||| Positive electric charges reside in orbits.||| Mathematical cosmic model based on Pi.
Inexactness principle in observations ||| Einstein and the gravity ||| The Universal Motion ||| Atomic particles
Cosmic Geometry ||| Bipolar electronic: semiconductors ||| Multiverse or multi-worlds||| Light and photons
Quantum explanation of Gravity ||| Real physics versus virtual physics ||| The window experiment
Atomic Density ||| Linkin: Coeficients Lcf Mcf ||| Atomic nuclei structuring: Short summary
Few points about Cosmic Structuring.||| What is Time||| Simultaneity ||| The Cosmic tree ||| The Cosmic entropy
Interesting and short life of neutrons ||| Leptons field ||| Macro Microcosm, the same thing.
Fourth dimension of space.||| The way to get a unity theory||| UHECR Ultra-high-energy-cosmic-rays
Magnetic or entropy forces: types or classes||| Time observation and time emission ||| The universe expansion
Planetary Mechanics : Short summary ||| Easy explanation of the Planetary model||| State and type of Particles
Higgs boson and fields: wrong way ||| The positron proof: main types of magnetic fields
Current state of cosmology ||| Electromagnetic charges: reason and procedure ||| Neutron: The short and interesting life of
Type of Magnetic Forces ||| The big-bang and Universe' expansion ||| Astronomical chart: Astros, asteroids and microids
Certainty Principle: easy explanation ||| Certainty Principle and the Schrodinger's Cat ||| Wave function collapse
Relativity versus QM ||| The non-curvature of space by matter ||| The Master Clock
Ferman's light analysis
Radial coordinates.||| Physical and mathematical sets theory. | Algebraic product of sets.
Planar angles: Trimetry.||| Fractions: natural portions.||| Cosmic spiral ||| Inverse values of parameters and operation
Equivalence and commutive property of division. ||| Concepts and Numbers. ||| Bend coefficient of curves ||| Mathematical dimensions
Transposition property ||| Accumulated product: Powers ||| Dimensional Geometry: Reversibility
Priority Rule in powers and roots ||| The decimal counter ||| The floating point index ||| Paradoxes in mathematics
Direct formula for Pi: The Squaring Pi. ||| The pyramids of Squaring Pi. ||| Functions of Pi ||| Integration formulas Pi.
Squaring the Circle ||| Cocktail formula for Squaring Pi.||| Orbital coordinates in motion: Summary
Oscillating function: Cartesian oscillators ||| The ciclo as unit of angular speed ||| Squaring circles ruler and compass |||
Video: Squaring circles ruler and compass ||| The number Phi and the circumference.speed |||
The The extended Pi ||| Angles trisection||| Squaring the Circle regarding Phi||| Video of the two squares method
Discusion about the Pi as transcendental number|||: Not transcendental Pi||| The chained sets|||
Properties of equalities in limits||| The Phi right triangles ||| Pi and the Circumscription Theorem
Pi triangle by squaring the circle : Vedeo Pi triangle ||| Squaring Pi demonstration by circumscription Theorem LatexPdf
Doubling the cube ||| Framing the circle ||| Phi and Pi: relation formula
Squaring circle with Phi (to 0.000005 of ideal ruler and compass)
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Certainty Principle ||| From the Schrodinger cat to the Ferman's birds ||| The meaning of Dreams
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Cancer and precocious aging ||| Hardware and software of Genetics ||| The farmer and the quantum physicist
Dreams and unconscious logical computing
Andalusian Roof Tile. ||| Rotary Engine. ||| Water motors: Vaporization engines.
Triangular ferman's Houses .||| Pan for frying and poaching eggs ||| The fringed forest
Summary of Hydraulic Chenge Box
The Emperor's new clothes and the QM ||| Garbage Triangle: Quantum mechanics, Relativity, Standard theory
Fables and tales of the relativists clocks.||| Nuclei of galaxies.||| Particles accelerators.
Hydrocarbons, water and vital principles on the Earth. ||| Cosmos formula : Metaphysics
Ubiquity Principle of set.||| Positive electric charges reside in orbits.
Chaos Fecundity. Symbiosis: from the Chaos to the Evolution.||| Speed-Chords in galaxies.
The ancient planets Asteron and Poseidon.||| The man and the testosterone.||| Toros say ||| The essence of life
Chaos + symbiosis = evolution ||| Future Cosmology: Satire on Relativity and Quantum Mechanics
The stupid tale of the astronaut that did not age
Video Universal Consciousness||| Who is God ||| Web Universal consciousness
Creation: Highlights||| First steps in metaphysics ||| A personal experience
Reason for the Cosmos' creation


State of particles: easy explanation
Concept of magnetic and electromagnetic charges


In the destruction of large material nuclei (supernovae, large atoms, particle accelerators, etc.), particles of all kinds and dimensions are produced, and when these are free they produce their own gravitational and magnetic fields, and depending on their magnitude, they can also produce fields and positive electromagnetic orbits for the construction of orbital systems and in this way comply with the cosmic entropy in the spreading and distribution of energy through the Cosmos.
That is, an orbital system is a compound of a large material nucleus with magnetic fields around that delimit and proportional to the system an adequate volume and an adequate total energy so that its mass and volume meet the required cosmic entropy, or average density that the Cosmos has as a whole.
Therefore, magnetic fields act in principle as a shell that delimits and protects the system from intrusion into it by other particles that may unbalance it.
"The balance of energy density or cosmic entropy, would mean that the Cosmos is completely full of energy and that when it behaves like a fluid, in all the places of the Cosmos there tends to be the same amount and density of energy"
For this reason, when large accumulations of energy occur in a certain place (nuclei of matter) of these nuclei a force of expansion and redistribution of energy is born, which are the magnetic fields.
These magnetic fields increase as a function of the amount of mass accumulated in the atomic nuclei (stars, etc.) and when they reach a limit, these expansion magnetic fields exceed the gravitational forces of compression, and end up exploding the system.
When does this happen?
Well, when the maximum allowed orbital system (beyond uranium 2Pi^3 = 248,) is 248 times greater than the smallest orbital system, (hydrogen 1).
Well, once this level of maximum imbalance allowed by the Cosmos is surpassed, the system explodes by magnetic action, becoming smaller particles, already within the required energy density.

Then, the stable particles will be those that comply with the balance and entropy of cosmic energy, (average energy density in the cosmos, D* = mass/volume) and that for them the large particles have to form well-defined orbital systems, while the small ones do not have this need, although if many are grouped together, they can form proto-systems normally in the form of a disk, with gravitational and magnetic balance at the same time.
Therefore, the unstable ones will be the large particles that do not form the adequate orbital system with energy balance or cosmic entropy, and that for this reason are endowed with the positive electromagnetic charges necessary for the creation of stable orbital systems.

(D*) For this author, and relying on the mass of hydrogen as a system unit, the energy density D in the cosmos, translated into mass, would be 3.14 g./cm^3

At the atomic level, large stable particles are those formed by orbital systems such as atoms (with their electrons as orbitals), and orbital subsystems or electrons with their neutrinos as orbitals.
Mass of electrons (leptons): 10^-30 g. at 10^24 g.
Mass of atoms: 10^-24 g. at 2.5 x 10^-22 g., more mass explosion of the atom.
At the star level, the masses considered in this model are:
Planets: from 10^27 g. to 3 x 10^31 g.
Stars: from 10^32 g to 3 x 10^34 g., more mass explosion of the supernova.

In the drawing we see how in supernova explosions as well as in the explosions of large atoms, and in particle accelerators, particles smaller than the exploding nucleus are produced, which can be of any size or dimension, and that create their own gravitational and magnetic fields according to their dimension.
When the resulting particles are small, the magnetic fields are also small, and in this case they can remain quasi-free and only come together by the action of gravity.
But when these particles are of higher magnitude (at the atomic level of approx. 10^-30 grams) their electromagnetic fields turn out to be powerful enough to need to form an orbital system with neutrinos around them. And they do.
If they are even greater (at the atomic level approx. 10^-24 grams.) The electromagnetic potential is already very powerful and strict, already defining in a forceful way the dimension of the atom by means of well-defined and exact orbits, with the positive capture potential electrons for their orbits.
And if at the atomic level the dimensions of the nucleus already exceed the maximum level of energy imbalance allowed 248 H, (2.5 x 10^-22 grams) the magnetic forces exceed gravity and make the system explode again.
Well, the same happens with the destruction of supernovae and subsequent construction of particles or stars and Astros inferior to them.

Dimensional levels of the particles:

Due to their physical qualities, the particles could be divided for study into different levels according to their mass and the gravitational and magnetic fields they produce.
1.- The largest would be the orbital systems formed by the atomic nuclei and their orbitals the electrons.
As we have seen, to build an atom it is necessary from a minimum mass (1.67 x 10^-24 g) to a maximum (2.5 x 10^-22 g), and once this upper limit is exceeded, the atom explodes due to excess Energy.
At the star level these mass values to form a minimum star (10^32 g) and for the maximum orbital system or supernova (3 x 10^34 g).
We know that to maintain this high concentration of energy, it is necessary to form an orbital system with electrons around it, so that by increasing the total volume of the system, its average energy density falls to the values required by the Cosmos.
For this architecture, orbital systems use magnetic fields to produce electromagnetic orbits that maintain the proper volume of the orbital system.
2.- The next level of particles would also be an orbital system, (let's call it sub-orbital to distinguish them from atoms) and that would be made up of electrons and their neutrinos as orbitals.
These particles or electrons, which have not yet differentiated between them, can be of very different size from approximately (10^-30 g) to a maximum of (10^-24 g).
That is, if we could take all the electrons of a large atom and measure its size and mass, we could verify that there is a great variety in their dimensions.
3.- After and under the orbital systems, we would have the large free particles that would be the neutrinos with a dimension less than the nucleus of the electron, that is, a dimension less than (> 10 ^ -30 g).
These large free particles are suitable in dimension and magnetic fields to orbit around the nucleus of the electron and form orbital subsystems, (electron-neutrinos).
At the star level, these particles would be the moons that orbit the planets.
4.- Further down in dimension, we would have other intermediate particles which I call calorific particles since they serve to increase the energy of orbital systems such as atoms and establish a fine balance of energy in these systems.
These particles are compact and can be made up of large numbers of sub-atoms (10^-80 g).
5.- And further down we would still have the particles formed by loose sub-atoms, which in a free state, could meet and form groups of these sub-atoms to later form ((proto-systems)), normally in the form of a rotating disk, which would be handled by gravity that tries to gather them and by small expansion magnetic fields that try to redistribute them, achieving with this pair of antagonistic forces, the formation of disk-shaped rotational systems, such as photons; at the stellar level, the high-energy cosmic rays, and at the suprastellar level, the galaxies.



General concept of magnetic and electromagnetic charges.

* The magnetic charges can have several levels and way of acting, but in general they have a common basic principle: to measure, balance and distribute the cosmic energy in equal proportion throughout the Cosmos.
The Cosmos is completely occupied and full of cosmic energy (ether) which behaves like a fluid, and therefore in all places in cosmic space there tends to be the same quantity or density of this cosmic energy.
We will call this average energy density across the Cosmos as Da, or average energy density in the Cosmos.
Now, by the action of gravity this cosmic energy condenses and forms matter, and this in turn can accumulate and form particles.
But it turns out that these particles represent an excessive and great concentration of energy in a certain place in space, with much higher density than in other places in space.
Therefore, from this great concentration and pressure of energy and around it, expansion forces and energy redistribution are born, which are what we know as magnetic force fields.
Therefore, every particle is made up of its material nucleus and its magnetic fields (also gravitational).
* Magnetic fields, as we will see, can be active or latent: being active and effective when monitored and protected by orbitals; and being latent or not effective when they are empty.
Charge concept:
(+) Every particle, including its active magnetic field, will have a positive charge if its energy density is greater than the average for Cosmos Da.
Which is measured as any type of density, by the ratio between the mass of the particles and their volume (particle including active magnetic field) D = m/v
(-) Every particle, including its active magnetic field, will have a negative charge if its average energy density is less than Da.
(0) Every particle, including its active magnetic field, will be neutral if its density is equal to Da.

Evolution and cosmic vitality

Allow me a small exposition, somewhat philosophical, of the physical principles that induce the evolution, development and vitality of the cosmos, as I say, from basic elements of physics.
In the Cosmos there are initially two types of fields and forces that, because they are antagonistic to each other, fight and compete continuously through states of equilibrium and imbalances, development and involution, assembly and destruction, etc. that are causing a continuous transformation and development without end, and that translates into constant movement and creativity in the Universe.
These two fields of forces are gravity, which tries to gather and compress all the matter of the Cosmos, and the magnetic fields that try to redistribute and balance all the energy imbalances caused by gravity.
- If gravity forms and concentrates a large positively charged particle, the magnetic forces create their fields around it, rotate obitals, and define a balanced living space for this large particle.
Therefore, gravity captures and unite small particles to form larger ones, and then the magnetic fields have to compose orbital systems of particles to balance the distribution of energy in space.
If these particles for example (large atoms - uranium, or large stars - supernovae) become very large and the magnetic power has to destroy them, then gravity picks up these pieces again to unite them and start the work again.
That is, these two powerful cosmic forces (gravity and magnetism) do not tire of doing their work, gathering and building, balancing and destroying, transforming and evolving, etc., making the Cosmos or Universe a creative, evolving and changing entity constantly.


Proposals and curiosities:

Positron proof:
As we can see in the drawing, this theory understands that it is very possible that positive atomic ions can attract positrons, also positive, by exclusively electromagnetic action, to capture them as orbitals.
Theoretically, the attraction on electrons would be more powerful since the internal electromagnetic action would be joined by the energetic level action of the external magnetism, but it would not prevent the uptake of positrons by the positive atomic ions.


As theory or postulate on charged particles, I can put in the drawing the examples of proton, neutron and antiproton.
Let's remember that for this cosmic model, antimatter is just an unusual and more or less unstable state of matter with a charge contrary to the usual state (eg. positron, antiproton)